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Cell Line and Augument Cellular Uptake Study of Statistically Optimized Sustained Release Capecitabine Loaded Eudragit S100/PLGA(poly(lacticco- glycolic acid)) Nanoparticles for Colon Targeting

[ Vol. 14 , Issue. 6 ]


Sonia Pandey*, Sanganala Mattha Vijayendra Swamy, Udhshu Mansha Ubaid Ulla, Arti Gupta, Hetal Patel and Jitendra Singh Yadav   Pages 887 - 899 ( 13 )


Background: Capecitabine, an anti cancer drug, has a very short drug elimination half-life (0.49 to 0.89 h). High doses and absence of targeting ability in the colon region may lead to more side effects to the patients with colon cancer.

Purpose: To develop and optimize sustained release nanoparticles for effective treatment of colon cancer.

Methods: Eudragit S100-PLGA(poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid)) nanoparticles were prepared by a double emulsification, solvent evaporation method followed by high-pressure homogenisation evaluated and the particles were evaluated for surface morphology, particle size analysis, polydispersity index, drug content, % entrapment efficiency and in vitro drug release. To optimize the batch a 32 full factorial design was applied. The optimized batch was evaluated for cytotoxicity and cellular uptake study.

Results and Discussion: The optimized formulation exhibited 179.25 nm mean particle size, 71.27% of drug entrapment efficiency and 81.824% drug release up to 72 h. When the concentration of capecitabine was increased from 50-500 μg/ml, the % cytotoxicity of nanoparticles and capecitabine (pure drug) increased from 8.5 to 97.70% and 2.7 to 82.23%, respectively. As per a cellular uptake study, the optimized nanoparticles were completely uptaken by HT 29 adenocarcinoma cells within 2 to 4 h.

Conclusion: Optimized Eudragit S100-PLGA nanoparticles are a promising delivery system for colon targeting.


Cytotoxicity, controlled release, capecitabine, factorial design, nanoparticles, targeting.


Department of Pharmaceutics, Maliba Pharmacy College, Bardoli Mahuva Road, Dist. Surat, Gujarat 394350, Bhagwan Mahavir College of Pharmacy, Surat, Gujarat, C.L. Baid Metha College of Pharmacy, Chennai, Maliba Pharmacy College, Uka Tarsadia University, Bardoli, Gujarat, Maliba Pharmacy College, Uka Tarsadia University, Bardoli, Gujarat, Vidya Bharati Trust College of Pharmacy, Umarakh, Bardoli, Gujarat

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