Submit Manuscript  

Article Details


Targeted Delivery of Cabazitaxel by Conjugation to Albumin-PEG-folate Nanoparticles Using a Cysteine-acrylate Linker and Simple Synthesis Conditions

[ Vol. 14 , Issue. 8 ]

Author(s):

Mohammad Kazem Khoeeniha, Mehdi Esfandyari-Manesh, Hossein Behrouz, Mohsen Amini, Behrang Shiri Varnamkhasti, Fatemeh Atyabi and Rassoul Dinarvand*   Pages 1120 - 1129 ( 10 )

Abstract:


Background: Cabazitaxel (CBZ) is a new taxane approved by FDA for treatment of castration- resistant prostate cancer not responding to docetaxel. However, CBZ is not a suitable substrate for p-glycoprotein 60, an efflux pump which transports anticancer drugs out of malignant cells and is therefore a promising drug for treatment of multidrug resistant tumors. Similar to other taxanes, the presence of Tween 80 in the CBZ formulation shows that it is insoluble in water.

Methods: In order to increase the solubility and circulation time of this drug, CBZ-human serum albumin (HSA) conjugate was synthesized. The designed linker was composed of methacrylic acid and N-acetyl cysteine to increase the solubility of CBZ and to increase the efficiency of conjugation. Targeting was performed by poly(ethylene glycol)-folic acid amide bound formation with carboxyl groups of HSA during in the step of nanoparticle formation. Cytotoxicity of nanoparticles was evaluated in vitro on HT-29, as a folate negative cell line, and MDA-MB-231, as a folate positive cell line.

Results: H-NMR, Gel Permeation Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid Chromatography and UV spectrophotometry analysis confirmed the composition of conjugates. The resulting nanoparticles had a spherical shape, narrow size distribution and mean diameter of 138 nm. The efficiency of conjugation was 41.6 %. The IC50 of CBZ in targeted nanoparticles was 10.1 and 17.4% lower than that of the free CBZ for HT-29 and MDA-MB-231 cells, respectively.

Conclusion: This designed drug delivery system was more water-soluble and had enhanced in vitro characteristics and higher cytotoxic activity on cancer cells.

Keywords:

Cabazitaxel, conjugate, human serum albumin, nanoparticle, targeting, gel permeation chromatography.

Affiliation:

Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box 14155-6451, Tehran, Nanotechnology Research Center, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box 14155-6451, Tehran, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Nanotechnology Research Center, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box 14155-6451, Tehran, Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box 14155-6451, Tehran

Graphical Abstract:



Read Full-Text article