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CXCR4-targeted Nanoparticles Reduce Cell Viability, Induce Apoptosis and Inhibit SDF-1α Induced BT-549-Luc Cell Migration In Vitro

[ Vol. 14 , Issue. 8 ]

Author(s):

Chuda Chittasupho*, Prartana Kewsuwan and Takashi Murakami   Pages 1060 - 1070 ( 11 )

Abstract:


Background: CXCR4 possesses a critical role in several intracellular events such as chemotaxis, invasion and adhesion, which are associated with metastasis of cancer cell.

Objective: In this study, CXCR4 targeted polymeric nanoparticle was developed for delivering cytotoxic drug and blocking the chemokine induced migration of cells expressing CXCR4.

Method: A peptide which was a linear form of CXCR4 antagonist (LFC131) was attached to PLGA nanoparticles (LFC131-NPs) and PLGA nanoparticles encapsulating DOX (LFC131-DOX-NPs). The cellular binding and internalization of LFC131-DOX-NPs were investigated.

Results: The binding and internalization of LFC131-DOX-NPs were higher and more rapidly compared to unconjugated NPs. LFC131-NPs blocked SDF-1α induced migration of BT-549-Luc cells. MTT assays demonstrated that LFC131-NPs and LFC131-DOX-NPs decreased cell viability in a dose dependent manner in 24, 72 and 120 h incubation.

Conclusion: A treatment concept of blocking breast cancer cell migration from interaction with SDF- 1α by using LFC131-NPs and then attacking breast cancer cells with doxorubicin might increase the efficacy of current breast cancer treatment.

Keywords:

Breast cancer, CXCR4, LFC131, metastasis, nanoparticle, PLGA.

Affiliation:

Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Srinakharinwirot University, Ongkarak, Nakhonnayok, 26120, Thailand Institute of Nuclear Technology, Ongkarak, Nakhonnayok, 26120, Department of Microbiology, Saitama Medical University, Iruma-gun, Saitama 350-0495

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