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Targeted Nanostructured Lipid Carriers for Delivery of Paclitaxel to Cancer Cells: Preparation, Characterization, and Cell Toxicity

[ Vol. 14 , Issue. 8 ]

Author(s):

Mahboubeh Rezazadeh, Jaber Emami*, Farshid Hassanzadeh, Hojjat Sadeghi, Mahboubeh Rostami and Hamid Mohammadkhani   Pages 1189 - 1200 ( 12 )

Abstract:


Objective: Low water solubility, high systemic toxicity and insignificant cellular uptake have limited efficient clinical applications of the anti-tumor agent Paclitaxel (PTX). To overcome these limitations, a Novel Nanostructured Lipid Carrier (NLC) modified with Folic Acid (FA) and polyethylene glycol (PEG) was prepared by emulsion solvent evaporation method using cholesterol, α-tocopherol, lecithin and Poloxamer. A partial factorial design was applied to determine the appropriate levels of variables for optimized formulation. Formulations were evaluated for Particle Size (PS), Zeta Potential (ZP), Entrapment Efficiency (EE), and release efficiency (RE72%). FA- and PEGconjugated octadecylamine (FA-ODA and PEG-ODA) were synthesized and confirmed by FTIR and H-NMR and incorporated either alone or in combination with the optimized formulation whose properties were also evaluated. PTX-loaded optimized, targeted, pegylated, targeted/pegylated NLCs, pure PTX, and Anzatax® along with their respective controls were selected for toxicity evaluation on human breast cancer cell line, MCF-7, using MTT assay.

Methods: PS, ZP, EE%, and RE72% of the optimized formulation were 154.6 nm, -16.5 mv, 79.1% and 49.3%, respectively. Incorporation of α-tocopherol as the liquid lipid allowed for more efficient drug encapsulation, PS reduction, enhanced stability and sustained-release of the drug. Cytotoxicity of PTX-loaded NLCs modified with both FA-ODA and PEG-ODA was significantly enhanced compared to that of free PTX and other drug-loaded modified NLCs.

Results and Conclusion: The results suggest that preparation of NLCs with synthesized conjugates might be a promising candidate for drug delivery of PTX to the cancerous cells and has a great potential as a carrier for tumor targeting in breast cancer.

Keywords:

Nanostructured lipid carriers, polyethylen glycol, folic acid, MCF-7, cell toxicity, paclitaxel.

Affiliation:

Novel Drug Delivery Systems Research Center, Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences and Isfahan Pharmaceutical Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences and Isfahan Pharmaceutical Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Department of Biotechnology, School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences and Isfahan Pharmaceutical Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences and Isfahan Pharmaceutical Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences and Isfahan Pharmaceutical Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan

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