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Tc-99m Radiolabeled Alendronate Sodium Microemulsion: Characterization and Permeability Studies Across Caco-2 Cells

[ Vol. 15 , Issue. 3 ]

Author(s):

Yetkin Elitez, Meliha Ekinci*, Derya Ilem-Ozdemir, Evren Gundogdu and Makbule Asikoglu   Pages 342 - 350 ( 9 )

Abstract:


Background: Alendronate sodium (ALD) is used orally but it is poorly absorbed from the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. For this reason, microemulsion system was chosen to evaluate ALD from the GI tract after oral delivery.

Objective: This study was aimed to prepare water-in-oil (w/o) microemulsion formulation of ALD and evaluate the permeability of ALD microemulsion from Caco-2 cell lines with radioactive and nonradioactive studies.

Method: The ALD microemulsion was developed by using pseudo-ternary phase diagram and composed of Soybean oil, Colliphor EL, Tween 80, Transcutol and distilled water. The prepared ALD microemulsion was characterized by physical appearance, droplet size, viscosity, pH, electrical conductivity and refractive index. The stability of the formulation was investigated for 6 months at 25±2°C/60±5% of relative humidity (RH) as well as at 40±2°C/75±5% RH. After that 1 mg of ALD was radiolabeled with 99mTc and added to microemulsion. The permeability studies were performed with both 99mTc-ALD microemulsion and ALD microemulsion.

Results: The experimental results suggested that ALD microemulsion presented adequate stability with droplet size varying from 37.8±0.9 to 39.9±1.2 nm during incubation time. In addition, ALD microemulsion was radiolabeled with high labeling efficiency (>95%). In a non-radioactive study, ALD permeability was found to be 45 µg.mL-1 and microemulsion has high permeability percentage when compared to another study.

Conclusion: The novel w/o microemulsion formulation has been developed for oral delivery of ALD. Based on the results, permeability of ALD could be significantly improved by the microemulsion formulation. In addition, 99mTc-ALD microemulsion in capsule can be used for bone disease treatment and diagnosis.

Keywords:

Alendronate sodium, bisphosphonates, microemulsion, technetium-99m, radiolabeling, permeability, caco-2 cells.

Affiliation:

Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Radiopharmacy, Ege University, 35100 Bornova, Izmir, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Radiopharmacy, Ege University, 35100 Bornova, Izmir, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Radiopharmacy, Ege University, 35100 Bornova, Izmir, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Radiopharmacy, Ege University, 35100 Bornova, Izmir, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Radiopharmacy, Ege University, 35100 Bornova, Izmir

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