Submit Manuscript  

Article Details


Hepatitis B Antigen Loaded Biodegradable Polymeric Nanoparticles: Formulation Optimization and In-vivo Immunization in BALB/c Mice

[ Vol. 15 , Issue. 8 ]

Author(s):

Hitesh K. Dewangan, Sanjay Singh*, Lakshmi Maurya and Amrita Srivastava   Pages 1204 - 1215 ( 12 )

Abstract:


Objective: The incredibly serious problem of Hepatitis B is virus-related chronic liver disease. The conventional preventive treatment of Hepatitis B requires booster dose, which requires repeated administration of the vaccine to the subject. Thus, there is a need to develop a formulation which can eliminate the need of frequent dosing and enhance patient’s acquiescence. To prepare single dose nanovaccine of HBsAg by utilizing central composite design for optimization and interaction of independent variables effects on measured response.

Methods: Nanovaccines were characterized for particle size, morphology, integrity, internalization, proliferation response and haemocompatibility. Nanoparticles at single and multiple doses were compared with booster dose of alum-HBsAg vaccine and measure the immunological marker and cytokine (interleukin-2 and interferon-Y) levels by ELISA techniques in BALB/c mice.

Results: The designed nanoparticles were found to have nanometric size, high entrapment efficiency and retained antigen integrity. Nanoparticles showed maximum proliferation and efficiently internalized by lymph and spleen cell without eliciting significant toxicity and haemocampatible.

Conclusion: The comparable data of anti-HBsAg titre between nanovaccine and alum adsorbed HBsAg demonstrated that single dose of nanoparticles is sufficient for production of immunoglobulin plus cytokine levels, maintain immunogenicity at longer period of time and eliminate the booster dose. Nanovaccines trigger immune responses and showing adjuvant properties.

Keywords:

Hepatitis B Antigen, PLGA nanoparticles, nanovaccine, immunization, cytokine, haemocompatibility.

Affiliation:

Department of Pharmaceutical Engineering and Technology, Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University), Varanasi- 221005, Department of Pharmaceutical Engineering and Technology, Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University), Varanasi- 221005, Department of Pharmaceutical Engineering and Technology, Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University), Varanasi- 221005, Department of Pharmaceutical Engineering and Technology, Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University), Varanasi- 221005

Graphical Abstract:



Read Full-Text article