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Aspects of Nanomaterials in Wound Healing

[ Vol. 16 , Issue. 1 ]

Author(s):

Srijita Chakrabarti, Pronobesh Chattopadhyay*, Johirul Islam, Subhabrata Ray, Pakalapati Srinivas Raju and Bhaskar Mazumder   Pages 26 - 41 ( 16 )

Abstract:


Wound infections impose a remarkable clinical challenge that has a considerable influence on morbidity and mortality of patients, influencing the cost of treatment. The unprecedented advancements in molecular biology have come up with new molecular and cellular targets that can be successfully applied to develop smarter therapeutics against diversified categories of wounds such as acute and chronic wounds. However, nanotechnology-based diagnostics and treatments have achieved a new horizon in the arena of wound care due to its ability to deliver a plethora of therapeutics into the target site, and to target the complexity of the normal wound-healing process, cell type specificity, and plethora of regulating molecules as well as pathophysiology of chronic wounds. The emerging concepts of nanobiomaterials such as nanoparticles, nanoemulsion, nanofibrous scaffolds, graphene-based nanocomposites, etc., and nano-sized biomaterials like peptides/proteins, DNA/RNA, oligosaccharides have a vast application in the arena of wound care. Multi-functional, unique nano-wound care formulations have acquired major attention by facilitating the wound healing process. In this review, emphasis has been given to different types of nanomaterials used in external wound healing (chronic cutaneous wound healing); the concepts of basic mechanisms of wound healing process and the promising strategies that can help in the field of wound management.

Keywords:

Angiogenesis, cell proliferation, controlled release, nanomaterials, reepithelialization, tissue regeneration, wound healing process, wound management.

Affiliation:

Defence Research Laboratory, Tezpur - 784 001, Assam, Defence Research Laboratory, Tezpur - 784 001, Assam, Defence Research Laboratory, Tezpur - 784 001, Assam, Dr. B. C. Roy College of Pharmacy & AHS, Durgapur - 713 206, West Bengal, Defence Research Laboratory, Tezpur - 784 001, Assam, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Dibrugarh University, Dibrugarh – 786 004, Assam



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