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Recent Avenues in Novel Patient-Friendly Techniques for the Treatment of Diabetes

[ Vol. 17 , Issue. 1 ]

Author(s):

Sunil Kumar Dubey, Amit Alexander*, K. Sai Pradhyut, Mukta Agrawal, Rupesh Jain, Ranendra Narayana Saha, Gautam Singhvi, Swarnlata Saraf and Shailendra Saraf   Pages 3 - 14 ( 12 )

Abstract:


Background: Diabetes is one of the most common chronic metabolic disorders which affect the quality of human life worldwide. As per the WHO report, between 1980 to 2014, the number of diabetes patients increases from 108 million to 422 million, with a global prevalence rate of 8.5% per year. Diabetes is the prime reason behind various other diseases like kidney failure, stroke, heart disorders, glaucoma, etc. It is recognized as the seventh leading cause of death throughout the world. The available therapies are painful (insulin injections) and inconvenient due to higher dosing frequency. Thus, to find out a promising and convenient treatment, extensive investigations are carried out globally by combining novel carrier system (like microparticle, microneedle, nanocarrier, microbeads etc.) and delivery devices (insulin pump, stimuli-responsive device, inhalation system, bioadhesive patch, insulin pen etc.) for more precise diagnosis and painless or less invasive treatment of disease.

Objective: The review article is made with an objective to compile information about various upcoming and existing modern technologies developed to provide greater patient compliance and reduce the undesirable side effect of the drug. These devices evade the necessity of daily insulin injection and offer a rapid onset of action, which sustained for a prolonged duration of time to achieve a better therapeutic effect.

Conclusion: Despite numerous advantages, various commercialized approaches, like Afrezza (inhalation insulin) have been a failure in recent years. Such results call for more potential work to develop a promising system. The novel approaches range from the delivery of non-insulin blood glucose lowering agents to insulin-based therapy with minimal invasion are highly desirable.

Keywords:

Diabetes, Novel drug delivery, insulin, non-invasive, insulin pen, microparticle.

Affiliation:

Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani (BITS-PILANI), Pilani Campus, Rajasthan, Department of Pharmaceutics, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER GUWAHATI), Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizers, Govt. of India, NH 37, NITS Mirza, Kamrup- 781125, Guwahati (Assam), Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani (BITS-PILANI), Pilani Campus, Rajasthan, Department of Pharmaceutics, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER GUWAHATI), Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizers, Govt. of India, NH 37, NITS Mirza, Kamrup- 781125, Guwahati (Assam), Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani (BITS-PILANI), Pilani Campus, Rajasthan, Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Biotechnology, Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani (BITS-PILANI), Dubai Campus, Dubai, Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani (BITS-PILANI), Pilani Campus, Rajasthan, University Institute of Pharmacy, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur, Chhattisgarh 492 010, University Institute of Pharmacy, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur, Chhattisgarh 492 010

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