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Development and In vitro Evaluation of Nifedipine Gel Formulations for Anorectal Applications

[ Vol. 17 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Nuray Bagci, Zerrin Sezgin Bayindir, Ozge Inal, Nurten Altanlar and Nilufer Yuksel*   Pages 126 - 139 ( 14 )

Abstract:


Objective: Current study focuses on the formulation and characterization of lipophilic and hydrophilic gel formulations of nifedipine to treat anal fissure via anodermal application.

Methods: Lipophilic gels were prepared with Aerosil grades as gelling agents in bulk oils. Polyethylene glycols, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, and Carbopol® 974P were used as gelling agents in water and propylene glycol for forming hydrophilic gels. The effect of repeated Freeze-Thaw Cycles (FT-C) on microstructures of the gels was investigated by examining viscosity, rheology and textural properties. Aerosil 200 containing lipophilic gels exhibited thixotropic behavior with plastic flow properties and higher viscosities.

Result: Accordingly, their compressibility and adhesiveness increased. FT-C caused notable changes in microstructures and textural properties of the lipophilic gels excluding the formulation containing Aerosil 200-in-isopropyl myristate. Among the hydrophilic gels, the viscosity of Carbopol® 974P gels increased depending on the amount of polymer, triethanolamine and water; these gels featured plastic flow without thixotropic behavior. Their compressibility and adhesiveness were higher than other gel formulations with stable post-FT-C characteristics. The higher flux values of nifedipine were observed from water containing Carbopol® 974P gel.

Conclusion: The results of the stability tests showed that the Carbopol® 974P gel had a longer shelf life than the Aerosil 200-in-isopropyl myristate gel.

Keywords:

Nifedipine, anal fissure, anorectal gel, texture analysis, rheology, freeze-thaw cycle.

Affiliation:

Turkish Medicines and Medical Devices Agency (TMMDA), Ankara, Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Ankara University, 06100 Tandogan, Ankara, Department of Pharmaceutical Microbiology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Ankara University, 06100 Tandogan, Ankara, Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Ankara University, 06100 Tandogan, Ankara, Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Ankara University, 06100 Tandogan, Ankara



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