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Improved Drug Delivery System for Cancer Treatment by D-Glucose Conjugation with Eugenol From Natural Product

[ Vol. 18 , Issue. 3 ]

Author(s):

Mas Amira Idayu Abdul Razak, Haslinda Abdul Hamid, Raja Nor Izawati Raja Othman, Shaik Alaudeen Mohd Moktar and Azizi Miskon*   Pages 312 - 322 ( 11 )

Abstract:


Introduction: Bioconjugations are swiftly progressing and are being applied to solve several limitations of conventional drug delivery systems (DDS) such as lack of water solubility, non-specific, and poor bioavailability. The main goals of DDS are to achieve greater drug effectiveness and minimize toxicity to the healthy tissues.

Objectives: In this study, D-glucose was conjugated with eugenol to target the cancer cells. To identify the implication of the anticancer effect, osteosarcoma (K7M2) cells were cultured and the anti- proliferative effect was performed using MTT [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide assay] test in order to evaluate the viability and toxicity on cells with various concentrations of eugenol and D-glucose-eugenol conjugate in 24-hour incubation.

Results: It was found that, the successful confirmation of the conjugation between D-glucose and eugenol was obtained by 1H NMR spectroscopy. MTT assay showed inhibitory concentration (IC50 value) of D-glucose-eugenol was at 96.2 μg/ml and the decreased of osteosarcoma cell survival was 48%.

Conclucion: These findings strongly indicate that K7M2 cells would be affected by toxicity of Dglucose- eugenol. Therefore, the present study suggests that D-glucose-eugenol has high potential to act as an anti-proliferative agent who may promise a new modality or approach as the drug delivery treatment for cancer or chemotherapeutic agent.

Keywords:

Conjugation, D-glucose, Eugenol, Drug Delivery Systems (DDS), cancer treatment, osteosarcoma (K7M2).

Affiliation:

Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia, Kem Perdana Sungai Besi, 57000 Kuala Lumpur, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia, Kem Perdana Sungai Besi, 57000 Kuala Lumpur, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia, Kem Perdana Sungai Besi, 57000 Kuala Lumpur, Faculty of Medicine and Defence Health, Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia, Kem Perdana Sungai Besi, 57000 Kuala Lumpur, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia, Kem Perdana Sungai Besi, 57000 Kuala Lumpur



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