V. R. Sinha, M. K. Agrawal and R. Kumria Pages 1 - 8 ( 8 )
Four commercial grades of microcrystalline cellulose, Avicel PH 101, Avicel PH 102, Avicel PH 112 and Avicel PH 302 were compared for extrusion spheronization. Model mixes containing Avicel PH 101 with different proportions of fillers like lactose and dicalcium phosphate dihydrate (DCPD) were also compared to observe the influence of these fillers on the pellet properties. The amount of water used for granulation of Avicel / Avicel mixes was kept constant so as to evaluate and quantitate the influence of these excipients / fillers on the pellet properties. The various pellet properties evaluated included, drug release, size and size distribution, shape, density, friability and flow. Mean pellet diameter did not vary among the Avicel grades. Pellets prepared with different proportions of Avicel PH 101 and lactose were more or less similar in mean diameter. The same phenomena were observed in case of DCPD as well. Plain lactose pellets were the largest in size. Therefore, it can be inferred that the presence of Avicel suppressed the change in pellet size. Circularity was found to be significantly linear function of log of bulk density of Avicel powders. As revealed by the SEM photographs, pellets of Avicel PH 101 were fairly round where as those containing Avicel PH 302 were dumbbell shaped. Formulations containing DCPD showed the highest circularity. Drug release rate varied in all the formulations. Among the Avicel grades, Avicel PH 302 showed the highest drug release rate where as Avicel PH 101 showed the least. Drug release also varied as a function of the type of filler and their proportion in the pellets. For both the fillers, the drug release increased with an increase in their proportion. Less water was required for formulations containing higher amounts of lactose and DCPD. Plain DCPD failed to spheronize, although pellets of plain lactose could be formed at the investigated level of water.
avicel, extrusion, spheronization, pellets, lactose, dicalcium phosphate dihydrate
University Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160014, India.